The Regal Period of Rome: A Journey Through the Reigns of Seven Kings

The Regal Period of Rome: A Journey Through the Reigns of Seven Kings

Ancient Rome, a civilization that has captivated the imaginations of historians and enthusiasts alike, was not built in a day. Its foundations were laid during the regal period, a time when seven kings ruled over the city and shaped its destiny. In this exploration, we will delve into the contributions of these monarchs, from the legendary Romulus to the enigmatic Etruscan Tarquinius Superbus.

Romulus: The Founder and the Wolf

Romulus, the mythical founder of Rome, is a figure shrouded in legend and tradition. According to the tales, he and his twin brother Remus were abandoned as infants and raised by a she-wolf. As they grew, they founded the city of Rome on the Palatine Hill, with Romulus emerging as the first king.

Numa Pompilius: The Lawgiver

Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, is remembered as a wise and pious ruler. He is credited with establishing religious institutions, reforming the calendar, and promoting peace and stability. Numa’s reign is often seen as a time of prosperity and cultural development.

Tullus Hostilius: The Warrior King

Tullus Hostilius, the third king of Rome, was a military leader who expanded the city’s territory through conquest. He is known for his battles against neighboring tribes and his destruction of the city of Alba Longa, a rival settlement.

Ancus Marcius: The Builder

Ancus Marcius, the fourth king of Rome, is remembered for his construction projects. He built the first bridge across the Tiber River, the Pons Sublicius, and expanded the city’s fortifications. Ancus also established the port of Ostia, which became a vital trade hub.

Tarquinius Priscus: The Etruscan Influence

Tarquinius Priscus, the fifth king of Rome, was an Etruscan who brought significant cultural and architectural influences to the city. He is credited with building the Circus Maximus, a large arena for chariot races, and the Cloaca Maxima, an impressive sewer system.

Servius Tullius: The Reformer

Servius Tullius, the sixth king of Rome, is known for his reforms and social changes. He introduced a new system of taxation based on wealth and divided the population into different classes. Servius also expanded the city’s boundaries and built the Servian Wall, a defensive structure that protected Rome for centuries.

Tarquinius Superbus: The Last King

Tarquinius Superbus, the seventh and final king of Rome, is remembered for his tyrannical rule. He is associated with the construction of the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitoline Hill, but his reign was marked by oppression and conflict. Tarquinius’s expulsion from Rome in 509 BC marked the end of the regal period and the beginning of the Roman Republic.

Exploring the Regal Period

The regal period of Rome is a fascinating era that shaped the city’s identity and laid the foundation for its future greatness. By examining archaeological sites, monuments, and depictions in Roman art, we can gain insights into the lives and contributions of these seven kings. From the legendary Romulus to the enigmatic Tarquinius Superbus, each ruler played a role in shaping the destiny of Rome.


The regal period of Rome is a testament to the enduring legacy of ancient civilizations. By exploring the contributions of its seven kings, we can appreciate the complexity and richness of Roman history and culture. From the founding of the city to the establishment of key institutions, the regal period set the stage for Rome’s rise as a global power.