⁣Lesson Plan: The Price Puzzle: Unveiling the Cost of Parmesan Cheese

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⁣Lesson Plan: The Price Puzzle: Unveiling the Cost of Parmesan Cheese

Grade Level: 7-9

Subject: Economics, Agriculture, Culinary Arts

Duration: 60 minutes

Learning Objectives:

- Understand the factors that contribute to the high price of Parmesan cheese
- Investigate the production process and unique qualities of Parmesan cheese
- Analyze the economic factors that affect the pricing of Parmesan cheese
- Discuss the role of supply and demand in determining the price of Parmesan cheese
- Explore the cultural and historical significance of Parmesan cheese

Common Core Standards:
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7-8.1: Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7-8.7: Analyze the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in a text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7-8.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.RP.A.2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities.

Materials:
- Articles or online resources about Parmesan cheese production and pricing
- Images or videos showcasing the production process and aging of Parmesan cheese
- Samples of Parmesan cheese (optional)
- Paper and writing utensils

Procedure:

1. Warm-up (10 minutes):
- Display the title: "Why Parmesan Cheese Is So Expensive."
- Engage students in a class discussion about their favorite types of cheese and their assumptions about the high price of Parmesan cheese.
- Ask students to brainstorm the factors that might contribute to the cost of Parmesan cheese.

2. Introduction to Parmesan Cheese (10 minutes):
- Introduce the concept of Parmesan cheese and its unique qualities and production process.
- Share images or videos showcasing the production process and aging of Parmesan cheese.
- Discuss the cultural and historical significance of Parmesan cheese in Italian cuisine.

3. Exploration of Production Process (15 minutes):
- Explain the steps involved in making Parmesan cheese, including milk selection, curdling, molding, and aging.
- Share articles or online resources that describe the traditional methods and time-consuming nature of Parmesan cheese production.
- Discuss the impact of artisanal production techniques on the price of Parmesan cheese.

4. Analysis of Economic Factors (15 minutes):
- Facilitate a class discussion on the economic factors that contribute to the high price of Parmesan cheese.
- Explore concepts such as limited production capacity, high labor costs, and quality control measures.
- Analyze how these factors affect the supply and pricing of Parmesan cheese.

5. Discussion on Supply and Demand (10 minutes):
- Engage students in a discussion about the role of supply and demand in determining the price of Parmesan cheese.
- Discuss the global demand for Parmesan cheese and the limited supply due to geographical and production constraints.
- Explore how fluctuations in supply and demand can impact the price of Parmesan cheese.

6. Cultural and Historical Significance (10 minutes):
- Discuss the cultural and historical significance of Parmesan cheese in Italian cuisine.
- Explore its protected designation of origin (PDO) status and the regulations that govern its production.
- Encourage students to reflect on how cultural factors and branding influence the perception and price of Parmesan cheese.

7. Conclusion (5 minutes):
- Summarize the key points discussed throughout the lesson.
- Encourage students to reflect on their understanding of why Parmesan cheese is so expensive and the various economic and cultural factors at play.

Assessment:
- Participation in class discussions
- Completion of a short written reflection on the factors contributing to the high price of Parmesan cheese and the cultural significance of this cheese variety

A wheel of parmesan cheese can cost over $1,000. A single wheel takes at least one year to age, 131 gallons of milk to make, and it can only be made in a restricted area in northern Italy, in the region of Emilia Romagna. We visited a dairy in Parma, Italy to find out how the cheese is made and why it is so expensive.------------------------------------------------------#ParmesanCheese #Italy #FoodInsiderINSIDER is great journalism about what passionate people actually want to know. That’s everything from news to food, celebrity to science, politics to sports and all the rest. It’s smart. It’s fearless. It’s fun. We push the boundaries of digital storytelling. Our mission is to inform and inspire.Subscribe to our channel: http://insder.co/Food and visit us at: https://insder.co/2NCg6SgFOOD INSIDER on Facebook: https://insder.co/2O4gt7AFOOD INSIDER on Instagram: http://insder.co/2aywJtkFOOD INSIDER on Twitter: https://insder.co/2IahHsiINSIDER on Snapchat: https://insder.co/2KJLtVoWhy Parmesan Cheese Is So Expensive | Regional Eats | Food Insider

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